Why do tourists visit Antarctica?
We have already seen why people want to visit Antarctica for example its unique beauty and wildlife is appealing to people. But why are more people able to visit Antarctica?
Study the transcript, data and graphs showing some of the different reasons why it is much easier to visit Antarctica than in the past. Make notes why travelling to Antarctica is now possible.
1. Interview transcript
“I visited Antarctica last year. I really wanted to go because it is such a stunning, unique environment, quite unlike anywhere else on earth. None of my friends or family has been there and I wanted to be the first! When I told my grandmother she couldn’t believe it. When she was a young girl, people didn’t fly because it was too expensive. Now we can fly anywhere at all, the world is our oyster and that’s because it is much cheaper to fly than in the past. It was so easy to book on the internet and so much choice just a click away, I could do it all in my lunch hour! When the old explorers of the past like Shackleton or Scott went to Antarctica, there was a great risk that they would never return because it was so dangerous. But now, thousands of tourists go there every year because the transport is safer and we now have good quality specialist equipment available to everyone.”
According to the Office of National Statistics Family Resources Survey for 2008-9 over half the households in the United Kingdom have an income of over £500 per week and almost 20% have an income of over £1000 per week after taxes etc have been paid. Of course this has to cover food and housing as well as clothes, luxuries and holidays but generally people have more disposable income than they had ten years ago.
In 1951 66% of manual workers had two weeks holiday. By 1990 64% had 4-5 weeks holiday. In 2007, the minimum entitlement increased to 4.8 weeks from 4 weeks. From April 2009 statutory annual leave entitlement will increase to 5.6 weeks. (Data from Iser and BBC)